Education >> Higher Education System in India
Universities and specialized institutes are the centres for higher learning in India. The studies and disciplines cover a wide range of subjects from poetry to computer engineering to space research. Most of the universities and higher centres of learning and research are autonomous in function. A good number of universities have a federal structure composed of affiliated colleges on one tier and the university departments on the other. The affiliated colleges teach, in general, undergraduate courses, whereas the university departments conduct postgraduate teaching and advanced research. The university decides the criteria of admission into colleges and coordinates the first-degree examination in the undergraduate programs and award of degree.

Some other types of universities teach both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in general disciplines as well as in technical and professional courses. There are no affiliated colleges attached to them.

There is a third category of universities and institutions where technical and professional courses are taught at undergraduate and postgraduate levels which include, among others, Indian Institute of Technology, Birla Institute of Technology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Forest Research Institute, Indian Veterinary Research Institute. Some institutes only offer postgraduate and research courses such as Indian Agricultural Research Institute and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Research.

The distinctiveness, flexibility and the quality of higher education in India have been attracting more and more international students to come to Indian universities. In contrast to the expensive university and higher education offered in the western countries, higher education is still highly subsidised in India and therefore, affordable. Further, students from developing countries find a greater sense of belonging and confidence-sharing as they have many social and cultural values common with India.

India's universities and university colleges

India's current 226 university-level institutions, including the 39 "was recognized university." Of which 155 are traditional large Science, 34 Agricultural University, (including fisheries and livestock medicine, horticulture and dairy technology), 17 engineering and technical Universities, including the six technical colleges, 14 Medical University of Science and Technology, a national law university, Population Science Center, Indian Statistical Institute, Indian Academy of Sciences, a university press, an Ayurveda University, the five major women's Studies, 6 Sanskrit universities, 7 open universities, 7 music and fine arts university, a art history, environmental protection and Bo University of museum studies.

There are over 8000 colleges affiliated to these universities, it is estimated that nearly 5 million students in reading. Above The college has more than 150 offer MBBS and higher medical degrees, 74 dentistry, 90 pharmacy, 62
The nursing, 170 agriculture and related subjects, 428 engineering, 116 Ayurveda and homeopathy 75. Most of the conventional universities and colleges provide the basis for science, social sciences and humanities (including foreign languages, international customs Department, social studies, education and legal), BA, BSc, BCom, Bed, LLB, MA, MSc, Med, and a number of other higher Degree. 292 College offers MBA courses and related courses, including 4 dedicated School of Management, Is the center of higher learning. In addition to the University College of composition, there are a large number of affiliated colleges and universities system of science and engineering
Industry Research Committee, Bhaba Atomic Research Center, Indian Agricultural Research Council, the Indian Medical Research Council, the Indian Social Science Research Council's Research Center, can provide doctoral and post-doctoral research projects. India Universities and university colleges of the list can get in Annexure VII.

Courses and Degrees

A three-year undergraduate courses in general to study and conduct the final examinations. Liberal arts universities and higher education institutions awarded Science, natural sciences, Bachelor of Business Studies and so on. Such as engineering, medicine, dental medicine and pharmacy and other professional subjects of this Curriculum requirements of the education system longer, about four to five and a half's time.

Liberal arts, natural sciences and medicine courses take two years to obtain a master's degree. For the Engineering Technology Studies For a year and a half's time. In some specific areas, such as Bachelor of Education require that an applicant who must Must have a bachelor's degree in any other subjects in order to be allowed to learn. Some universities and higher education institutions to provide a These short courses of the diploma or qualification, subjects such as engineering, agriculture, science and technology and computer science. Course length Short due to the school to another.